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Topic

Some people think that universities should provide graduates with knowledge and skills needed in the workplace. Others think that the true function of a university should be to give access to knowledge for its own sake, regardless of whether the course is useful to an employer. What, in your opinion, should be the main function of a university? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

 

Essay: 谢振礼

A university has to have a library, but it is not just a group of buildings gathered around a library.

The main functions of higher education are predominantly two-fold. One is to provide graduates with work skills for employment, and the other is to give access to knowledge for its own sake, being independent of whether or not the course is useful to an employer.

 

On the one hand, universities have the function to equip graduates with work skills so that they can obtain viable employment. In times of high unemployment, employers have more choice of applicants and will favor those university graduates with well-rounded job skills needed in the workplace. Graduates, as candidates, may have qualifications and ‘hard skills ‘ as well as ‘soft skills’ or social skills to be able to manage the job role. Therefore, it is the obligation of higher education to teach workplace skills as part of degree courses. Hard skills that are useful to an employer can be learned from university courses, and soft skills can help students stand out and these are transferable skills from job to job throughout their career life. While the importance of hard skills is too obvious to mention, soft skills that are also useful to an employer include teamwork, presentation, time management and problem solving, etc.

 

On the other hand, for students in universities, learning is an activity fired by the desire to know, and that for it to flourish a deep love of learning must be cultivated for its own sake. The greater is the intensity of that desire, the deeper they are likely to pursue their leaning with fun and pleasure. Whether students know what they want for a first career, and are exploring a few majors, or change majors over and over again, a university education is about more than preparing students for that first job after graduation. Beyond that function, it is about preparing students for every job they will have. Also, it is about preparing them to learn and adapt over time, and to be people who make their societies better places. To put it in another way, the point of higher education is to teach students to think and to reason and to compare and to discriminate and to analyze, and goes on to handle any career (or in today’s time, many careers), all of which are useful to an employer.

 

In conclusion, universities today generally reflect a balance—whether explicit or implicit—between these two main functions. Each of these two functions has a strong contemporary resonance. Both together to make graduates useful employees and educated citizens. 


主题


一些人认为大学应该为毕业生提供工作所需的知识和技能。另一些人认为,大学的真正功能应该是为其本身提供获取知识的机会,而不管这门课程对雇主是否有用。你认为大学的主要功能应该是什么?给出你的答案的原因,并包括任何相关的例子,从你自己的知识或经验。


论文:谢振礼


大学必须有一个图书馆,但它不只是图书馆周围的一群建筑。


高等教育的主要职能主要有两方面。一是为毕业生提供就业所需的工作技能,二是为其本身提供获取知识的机会,不考虑该课程是否对雇主有用。


一方面,大学有能力为毕业生提供工作技能,使他们能够获得就业机会。在失业率高企的时期,雇主有更多的申请者选择,并会青睐那些拥有职场所需的全面工作技能的大学毕业生。毕业生,作为候选人,可能有资格和“硬技能”,以及“软技能”或社会技能,能够管理工作角色。因此,作为学位课程的一部分,教授工作技能是高等教育的义务。对雇主有用的硬技能可以从大学课程中学到,软技能可以帮助学生脱颖而出,这些都是可以在职业生涯中从一份工作转移到另一份工作的技能。虽然硬技能的重要性显而易见,但软技能对雇主也很有用,包括团队合作、演示、时间管理和问题解决等。


另一方面,对于大学里的学生来说,学习是一种由求知欲激发的活动,要想激发对学习的热爱,必须为学习本身而培养。这种渴望越强烈,他们就越有可能带着乐趣和愉悦去追求自己的爱好。无论学生们知道自己想要的第一份职业是什么,是在探索一些专业,还是在一次又一次地换专业,大学教育不仅仅是为毕业后的第一份工作做准备。除此之外,它还包括让学生为将来的每一份工作做好准备。同时,这也是让他们准备好学习和适应,成为使他们的社会变得更美好的人。换句话说,高等教育的意义在于教会学生思考、推理、比较、歧视和分析,并继续处理任何职业(或者在当今时代,许多职业),所有这些都对雇主有用。


总之,今天的大学在这两种主要功能之间通常反映出一种平衡——无论是明确的还是隐含的。这两个功能都有强烈的当代共鸣。两者共同使毕业生成为有用的雇员和受过教育的公民。